How to Teach English to Beginners

Hello everyone,

Do you want to teach English to beginners but don’t know how to start?

It might seem scary, but don’t worry! With the right approach and techniques, it can be a really fun and rewarding experience.

In this guide, I’ll show you step-by-step how to teach English to beginners and make it interesting for them.

Get to Know Your Students

Before you start planning your lessons, it’s important to understand your students.

Are they adults or kids?

What language do they speak at home?

Have they learned any English before?

Knowing these things will help you teach them better.

Start with the Basics

When teaching beginners, it’s best to start with the basics.

Begin with the alphabet, sounds of letters, and simple words like greetings, numbers, colors, and everyday objects.

Make it fun by using songs, games, and pictures.

You can make flashcards with letters and pictures or play games like “Alphabet Bingo”┬áto help them recognize letters.

When teaching new words, show them real objects or pictures. This will help them understand better.

You can also use gestures and actions to explain the meaning of words and phrases.

Concentrate on Listening and Speaking Skills

When you’re just starting out, listening and speaking are super important for learning a new language.

Begin by learning easy phrases and sentences for everyday situations like saying hello, introducing yourself, and having basic conversations.

Practice saying things over and over again and do exercises to help with pronunciation.

Have students listen carefully and repeat what you say or play audio recordings.

You can also play games like “Simon Says” or “Telephone” to make learning more fun and interactive.

Teach Basic Grammar Ideas

After your students are comfortable with some vocabulary and basic phrases, you can start teaching simple grammar concepts.

Start with the present tense of “to be” and other common verbs, making sure to cover subject-verb agreement and basic sentence structures.

Use visuals like charts and diagrams to explain grammar rules clearly.

Give lots of examples and have students practice making sentences using the new grammar rules.

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Add Reading and Writing Activities

As your students get better, start adding reading and writing tasks. Begin with easy stuff like short stories, conversations, or descriptions of things they know.

These will help them with words, grammar, and understanding.

For writing, start with simple things like filling in blanks, changing sentences around, or copying short texts.

Then, move on to more fun writing tasks like writing short descriptions or conversations.

Make a Fun and Helpful Learning Space

Making a happy and helpful learning space is super important for beginners.

They might feel shy or scared when learning a new language, so it’s really important to cheer them on and celebrate their progress, no matter how small.

Use lots of different activities, games, and pictures to keep students interested and excited.

Encourage them to join in and give them lots of chances to practice and get feedback.

Show Patience and Flexibility

Teaching new learners needs a lot of patience and flexibility. Sometimes progress can be slow, and students might find certain topics or skills challenging.

Make sure you’re ready to go over things again and adapt your teaching style to help your students better.

Motivate Practice and Immersion

Learning a language means practicing regularly and immersing yourself in it.

Encourage your students to use English in their daily lives by watching English movies, TV shows, listening to music, and more.

They can also find language partners or join conversation groups to practice.

You can also include activities in your lessons that immerse students in English, like acting out scenarios or having an “English-only” time during class.

Offer Feedback and Tests

Giving feedback and doing assessments regularly is important to see how your students are doing and where they need help.

Give them helpful feedback on their speaking, writing, and understanding skills, and make sure to celebrate even the smallest achievements.

Use fun quizzes or pretend games to see how well you understand the lesson and figure out what you need to work on more.

Keep Learning and Growing

Teaching is a never-ending journey of learning, and it’s super important to keep developing your skills and knowledge.

Go to workshops, conferences, or take online courses to stay up to date on the latest ways to teach English to beginners.

Also, ask experienced teachers or mentors for feedback, and be open to trying new things to make your teaching even better.

Teaching English to beginners can be tough, but it’s also really rewarding.

By following these steps, creating a supportive environment, and always improving your teaching skills, you can help your students become awesome at English and open up lots of cool opportunities for them.

Remember, being patient, flexible, and loving what you do are the keys to helping beginners on their language learning journey.

With hard work and the right approach, you can make a big difference in your students’ lives and help them unlock amazing new possibilities.


Check out these awesome teaching books I recommend:


Teaching and Learning in English Medium Instruction: An Introduction


English Language Teaching: Recent Approaches

Cambridge Primary English Workbook 3

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