Why are phrasal verbs so difficult to learn?
Because there are many of them.
Because they’re so commonly used that they can become overwhelming.
Because one phrasal verb can have multiple meanings.
For example, the phrasal verb put down can mean to place something down on the ground or a surface.
To humiliate or criticize someone.
Or to kill an animal that was sick or suffering.
For example, to look up to someone can mean that you respect them. You don’t actually have to be shorter than someone and physically looking up to them to be able to use this phrasal verb. 🙂
I’m going to teach you six things that you need to know about phrasal verbs.
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What is a phrasal verb actually?
A phrasal verb is a standard verb such as put, go, or take. Plus, one or two particles.
Now, don’t let that confuse you. A particle in a phrasal verb is either a preposition or an adverb.
Go out, go after, go together, go away.
These are prepositions and these are adverbs. But of course, there are many, many more phrasal verbs.
Hang out, look after, bring together, put away. Hang up. Look out for. Bring out. Put up with.
Now, once you know how to recognize a phrasal verb, you need to learn how to use it correctly.
And one of the first things that you need to find out is.
Is it a transitive or an intransitive phrasal verb?
If it’s transitive, you need something or someone after the verb.
If it’s intransitive, it stands on its own.
Take the example from before, the phrasal verb “look up to.”
Which means to respect or admire someone.
But this phrasal verb always has to be followed by a person, by someone you can’t just say I really look up to. The first thing that I would have to ask then is who? Who do you look up to?
But some phrasal verbs are intransitive, which means they work fine on their own.
For example, to grow up means to mature and you never need to add an object here.
Here are a few examples of how this works.
He grew up in Singapore.
Your children are growing up so fast.
What do you want to be when you grow up?
Now some phrasal verbs are either transitive or intransitive, depending on the meaning.
So, take the example come over, which has two meanings.
The 1st is an intransitive phrasal verb, and it means to visit someone in the place where they are usually their house.
Why don’t you come over?
It stands on its own. But come over can also be transitive.
If a feeling suddenly comes over you, or an emotion that affects you in a strong way, you would say that that emotion came over you.
A wave of anger came over him.
So, whether a phrasal verb is transitive or intransitive, it’s important to know because it helps you to understand how to use it correctly.
Now, in addition to knowing if a phrasal verb is transitive or intransitive, you also need to know if it’s separable or inseparable, and this is as simple as it sounds.
Separable means that the verb and the particle are able to be separated in the sentence.
I’m going to take on the project.
It’s not possible to say look someone up to. Or look up someone too. It just doesn’t work because it’s inseparable.
Here’s an example of how it could work though.
I really look up to your dad. Now, learning whether a phrasal verb is transitive or intransitive or separable or inseparable right from the start will help you to use it correctly from now on.
So, when you learn a new phrasal verb, it’s really important that you write it down. Write down a few awesome sentences of your own just to practice using the phrasal verb and applying the rules that I’ve just mentioned.
Now, phrasal verbs are just multi word verbs. So, they need to be treated like any other verb in a sentence, they need to show us which tense is being used, and they need to match the subject that they’re being used with.
I give up. It’s too hard. He always gives up without really trying.
We’re not giving up yet. I thought you’d given up.
See how the verb changes each time with the tense.
This will completely overwhelm you. You need to look for and find the phrasal verbs that are relevant to you and that are commonly used.
But you will need to know the ones that are coming up in your life, right?
The important ones for you. So, you need to look for them. Read the news. Read blogs that you love. Read the transcripts of Ted talks. Read magazines and articles that are related to your profession.
Go through it and highlight all of the phrasal verbs that you see. Study how they’re used.
Look, house owners put up fence. So, they built a fence here. Someone will be put up for sale. So, he’s made available for sale.
Other signs will be put up.
Women don’t have to put up with something.
These are all different ways that this phrasal verb can be used.
Anyway, the point is you’re exploring which phrasal verbs are commonly used in recently written documents online.
You’re learning them in context, and often in a context that’s interesting to you. Now practice using phrasal verbs in the right way.
Focus on topics, not on alphabetical lists, because that is how you’re going to use phrasal verbs while writing or talking about a topic or issue.
For example, if you’re planning to take a holiday soon, think about all of the phrasal verbs you might use on your trip.
Get on the bus, take off in the plane, pick up the higher car, pack up your suitcase, go out for dinner, hang out with friends.
And if you don’t know all the phrasal verbs that you might need, then try looking at a blog post about the topic to inspire you.
Or search YouTube for a lesson that can help you to learn this vocabulary. Or go to a list of phrasal verbs and see which ones will be helpful to talk about travel. But don’t forget to pay attention to whether they’re transient or in transient, separable or inseparable.
Another great way to practice is to start with a list of phrasal verbs. About 10 would be perfect. They could be the ones that you highlighted earlier from the blog post.
And to check if they’re transitive or intransitive or separable or inseparable. Because the dictionary will tell you that.
Now let me show you with an example. Take these phrasal verbs as the example.
Hang out, look after, take over, put away. Clean up.
On Thursdays, I look after my nephew in the evening because my sister works late. I only live over the road, so I usually take over dinner and we have a picnic in the back garden. He’s very cute, but very cheeky. I spend most of my time putting away his toys and cleaning up after him. But I love to hang out with him.
Now, it doesn’t have to be true, and it doesn’t have to be really intelligent, but it challenges you to think creatively and to use these phrasal verbs.
Do you have any other tips that you want to share with everyone here?
Add them to the comments.